Friday, June 2, 2023

Oxford’s Olden Days: The University Greys: Maud Morrow Brown’s Book and Opera

OxfordOldenDays

In 1940, local historian and author Maud Morrow Brown, published a short but very authoritative book on the University of Mississippi students that fought gallantly for the Southern Cause during the Civil War.

Company A of the Eleventh Mississippi Regiment of the Army of Northern Virginia, was comprised of one hundred and thirty-six men mainly from the students then attending the University of Mississippi. Three of the men were from foreign countries and the other one hundred and thirty three were from twelve southern states.

If you have ever seen the movie Gone With the Wind, you will remember the scene at the beginning of the movie at Twelve Oaks. When the young men learned the news of Fort Sumter and that the war had begun, they rush off to join the Confederacy. This is similar to what happen with the students at the University. Since this unit was comprised of men from all over the state, Lafayette County was allowed to contribute another company to the regiment. This other unit was the Lamar Rifles. J. C. Rietti in his book, Military Annals of Mississippi, states “This regiment one of the oldest in the service was noted for the character and ability of its officers and the high order of material which composed its rank and file. Perhaps no regiment entered the service with a larger member of professional men in the ranks”.

An Ole Miss professor’s wife first conceived an opera, based on Mrs. Brown’s book. Zoe Lund Schiller Kreutz, a novelist and playwright and wife of Professor Arthur Kreutz of the Department of Music, was walking through the Grove when she heard a military band playing in the distance. She thought of how the students that comprised the University Greys must have marched under the same trees to a military band. She had also read Mrs. Brown’s book and she thought that the book would be excellent basis for an opera in the modern style. She related the incident to her husband and he also felt it would make a good basis for an opera. They took their idea to some faculty members and Chancellor J. D. Williams commissioned them to write and stage the opera. This was in the spring of 1953 and by March 1954 the opera was ready for a performance at Fulton Chapel.

Mrs. Brown worked with the Kreutzs on the production of the University Greys. She gave them advice and assistance on the background of the student military company. “When I first met Maud Morrow Brown,” Mrs. Kreutz said, “I was impressed with her tremendous interest in, and knowledge of, the historical background of the University and Lafayette County. We have depended on her to a great extent as the writing of the plot progressed, and have found her assistance almost indispensable.”

The opera was preformed on March 15 and 16, 1954, in two acts with nine scenes and done in the modern opera style. It was a style that was being used on many college campuses at the time. The style emphasized the dramatic and the libretto assumed a more important role. The staged scenes changed little during the production but local citizens of Oxford did provide props that were used. The Mary Buie Museum provided a confederate uniform, saber, and sash. Dr. E. B. Bramlett loaned a saber and others provided furniture and clothing.

The main character, Boone McCrea, was played by John Allred of Collins. His sweetheart and widow, Laura Meadows, was played by Dolores Parker of Keiser, Arkansas. Among the other members of the cast were Oxford residents Tommye Cofied, Virginia Baker and Johnny Sharpe. Tina Gates of Oxford played a small child.

Dr. Mark Hoffman, Chairman of the University Department of Music,

Described the opera as “the most ambitious undertaking in the field of culture attempted at Ole Miss.” “The characters are fictional,” said Mrs. Kreutz, “but we consider the production historically accurate in its reflections of the attitudes and feelings of the people involved. It’s not a story of the Southern planter aristocracy, but a love story of middle-class Southern small-towners, part of the best traditions of the South, but often overlooked.”

The Commercial Appeal reported, “The Music Department of the University of Mississippi stepped out into the big leagues this week with a world-premiere production of a new opera. The staging, by Mrs. Kreutz, is starkly simple, with two platforms and a few tables and chairs inviting the audience to fill in its own settings. Through artful use of lights, the five scenes of the first act and the four of the second flowed without interruption of drawing a curtain.”

If you are interested in the history of the University Greys, go by Ventress Hall on the Ole Miss campus and take a look at the Tiffany stained-grass window that was placed there in honor of the gallant University Greys.’


Jack Mayfield

Jack Lamar Mayfield is a fifth generation Oxonian, whose family came to Oxford shortly after the Chickasaw Cession of 1832, and he is the third generation of his family to graduate from the University of Mississippi. He is a former insurance company executive and history instructor at Marshall Academy in Holly Springs, South Panola High School in Batesvile and the Oxford campus of Northwest Community College.

In addition to his weekly blog in HottyToddy.com Oxford’s Olden Days, Mayfield is also the author of an Images of America series book titled Oxford and Ole Miss published in 2008 for the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation. The Foundation is responsible for restoring the post-Civil War home of famed Mississippi statesman, L.Q.C. Lamar and is now restoring the Burns Belfry, the first African American Church in Oxford.