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Book Review: The Road To Camelot, Inside JFK’s Five-Year Campaign

Thomas Oliphant and Curtis Wilkie will have a book signing at Off Square Books in Oxford Wednesday, May 10, at 5 p.m. Other signings will follow at TurnRow Books in Greenwood, on Thursday, May 11, and Lemuria Books in Jackson, on Wednesday, May 17.

In the summer of 1955, heart attacks staggered two of America’s most powerful leaders: Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson and President Dwight D. Eisenhower. This cataclysm in the political firmament, Thomas Oliphant and Curtis Wilkie write, suggested an opening for a new generation of politicians, and its reverberations were profound.

Thomas Oliphant

“It represented a spark, the first time national office was the subject of something other than formless ambition . . . and it ignited a five-year quest that culminated in Jack Kennedy’s transformative election as the country’s thirty-fifth president at the young age of forty-three.”
This month marks the centenary of John F. Kennedy, whose tragedy was never to grow old. In American memory, JFK remains forever boyish, forever stylish, and his forcefulness shapes this narrative: “The Road to Camelot” has the verve and energy of breaking news.
Oliphant and Wilkie track Kennedy’s drive to the White House, a campaign that was ambitious in every sense. In 1955, Kennedy was a minor figure in American politics, “considered more of a socialite and a war hero than a political leader.” In 1956 he made an upstart bid to gain the vice-presidential nomination, and failed. Thereafter, he worked less conspicuously and more earnestly. He made a quiet, sustained effort to lock up support from Democratic leaders across the country. In 1960, when traditional politicians focused on caucuses and state conventions, he focused on primary wins, and pushed his way past a mass of presidential hopefuls: Adlai Stevenson, Stuart Symington, Wayne Morse, Hubert Humphrey, Lyndon Johnson.
Curtis Wilkie

Veteran journalists – reporters who worked together during eight presidential campaigns – Oliphant and Wilkie have built up this book from memoirs and interviews (some personally conducted, others from the oral history archives at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library). They skillfully pace the story, and handle succinctly the issues and engagements of the 1960 campaign: Protestant voters’ distrust of a Roman Catholic candidate; the surprising strength of Richard Nixon, who had cunning and guile and foreign policy expertise; and a late-in-the-day skirmish with white Southern politicians, which ended with Robert F. Kennedy making a phone call that freed Martin Luther King Jr. from a Georgia jail.
Personal Papers of David F. Powers / Valuable documents / Box 5 / JFK Political organizations and campaigns / Campaign brochures and mailings 1960 (from box 25)

Particularly deft is their summary of the Kennedy-Nixon debates. They dissect the lingering myth that radio listeners thought Richard Nixon won the debates, while those who watched TV broadcasts favored Kennedy. By 1960, they point out, voters who got their news from radio were “more likely rural – and thus more conservative, more likely Protestant, and therefore more likely to be Nixon-leaning.” If Kennedy won over the television audience, it was because he played to viewers. He had worked for three years with television experts.
1960 Election Poster

“He had absorbed numerous pointers – that message and appearance are linked; that short, declarative sentences trump pseudo-erudite verbosity; that a dab of makeup improves appearance; and that under harsh stage lights blue shirts are better than white. He was still working on advice to slow his delivery and breathe with his diaphragm.”
JFK also pioneered the use of short TV ads. Previously, politicians had bought TV time to broadcast whole speeches, or used five-minute ads that cut off the ends of popular prime-time programs. JFK ran 30-second spots that brought his name to voters in key primary states: “It is likely that any West Virginian who watched television in the evening, and most probably did, saw at least one Kennedy commercial before turning in.”
1960 Election Campaign Button

“The Road to Camelot” tells its story with little framing. There is no preface; there is no afterword; the book is an in-the-moment narrative, not a historical meditation. One well-chosen photo, however, suggests what Kennedy’s election meant. It was taken on the morning of January 20, 1961, and shows the outgoing president and the president-elect setting out together for Capitol Hill. Dwight Eisenhower and Jack Kennedy are dressed to the nines, complete with top hats that are supremely elegant and ineffably stodgy. In half an hour, Kennedy would give his great Inaugural Address – warning of arms and burdens, talking of hope and light and freedom, challenging a new generation – and the day of top hats would be forever past.

Allen Boyer, Book Editor for HottyToddy.com, is a native of Oxford. He lives and writes on Staten Island. His book “Rocky Boyer’s War,” a WWII history drawing on his father’s diary, will be published this month by the Naval Institute Press.
For questions or comments, email hottytoddynews@gmail.com
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